Olaf Dammann trained in linguistics and informatics (Hamburg), medicine (Hamburg) and epidemiology (Harvard). He worked as a pediatrician until he started doing research full-time in 1995. His main research topics are perinatal epidemiology with a focus on brain/retina damage in preterm newborns, and philosophy of science with a focus on causation and explanation. He has received research funding from the NIH, the European Union, and foundations. His bibliography includes more than 200 papers and one book.